Mediterranean Revival (1918-1939) - Glamorized by architect Addison Mizner to the extent that it became the pervasive architectural theme of Florida during the state's real estate boom of the 1920s, the Mediterranean Revival style reflects both Italian and Spanish motifs. Ornate low-relief stonework and tile roofs are the hallmark of this style. A profusion of arches, columns, parapets, and wrought-iron detail is often present. Exterior walls are sometimes made of bluff colored bricks, but are commonly composed of hollow tile blocks covered with stucco.
Colonial Revival (1870-1920) - A popular style among Jacksonville's affluent citizens around the turn of the twentieth century, the Colonial Revival style includes a variety of styles that feature symmetrical facades, classical detailing, and a portico or veranda. Porch columns of Colonial Revival designs are of classic order and usually one story in height, though the Neo-Classical Revival style boasts two-story columns reminiscent of plantation manor houses that evoke the Old South. Those massive white columns connoted power and establishment which is why the style was often used on banks, churches, and government buildings.
Georgian Revival (1886-1939) - One of several colonial styles characterized by formality and enriched by classical detail, the Georgian Revival style is one of the most common found in Northeast Florida. The Georgian Revival style appears in homes with a symmetry of doors and windows, graceful Palladian windows, substantial columns and pedimented projections.
Prairie Style (1900-1924) - A reaction to Victorian fussiness, the Prairie style is largely credited to Frank Lloyd Wright, one of America's most innovative and famous architects, and brought to Jacksonville by architect Henry John Klutho as a student of Wright. Prairie style houses exhibit strong horizontal lines - a low-pitched roof with a central hip-roof dormer, broad over sized eaves and a horizontal front porch. Riverside and Avondale's Prairie homes often have a horizontal band of stucco or masonry, just below the second-story windows that wraps the house. The Riverside/Avondale district boasts the largest collection of Prairie style homes in the South.
Bungalow (1895-1940) - Perhaps America's most common residential style constructed between 1900 and 1920, bungalows were mass produced for the growing number of middle class homeowners. Simpler than the Victorians that preceded them, the typical bungalow is a one-story house with one or more low-pitched overhanging gables. Exposed beams and projecting brackets help to emphasize structural form and exude a "craft" aesthetic, a characteristic of the style. There is a deliberate use of natural materials including wooden shingles, clapboards, and cobblestones. Windows are usually casement or double-hung with many small single panes combined with larger single panes.
Tudor Revival (1900-1935) - Half-timbering set between the stucco paneling of upper-story walls, steeply pitched roofs, massive chimney stacks and narrow windows with small panes define the Tudor Revival style. The name Tudor suggests that the houses imitate the "old English" architecture from the early 16th Century. Other features borrowed from the late architecture of the Tudor reign in England include prominent pairs of gables, brick or stone first stories, and the highly elliptical Tudor arch. This style reached its peak in the 1920s.
Jacobean Revival (1820-1929) - Another style borrowing architectural features from English designs of the 16th and 17th Centuries, the Jacobean Revival style, adapted well to elegant mansions. Brick is the most common building material, with lighter stone trim used extensively for window and door frames, quoins, parapets, rounded arches, and other decorative details. Windows are usually grouped and are divided into rectangular lights by stone mullions. The tall chimneys are also distinctive with shafts grouped in stacks or lined up in diagonal rows.
Queen Anne (1875-1910) - The most ornate and richly textured architecture of the Victorian era, the Queen Anne style, weaves earlier designs into a bewildering excess of towers, turrets, porches, and balconies with elaborate brackets, spindles, decorative brick chimneys, stained glass, and multiple roof lines. Queen Annes are unconventional and distinctly asymmetrical. Siding materials may vary from story to story or within the same story. Windows appear in round, in hexagons, in stained or beveled glass, and as fixed windows at the top of the stairs. Some of the earliest versions displayed four different earth tone colors.
Shingle Style (1880-1900) - A popular alternative to the Queen Anne style, the Shingle style was born in New England when wealthy Americans wanted their seaside vacation homes to look rustic. Shingle-sided houses also became popular in the coastal South. Shingle houses, considered a completely American style, have a moderately sloped roof on a wide base and roomy porches that extend the living space to provide shade and open breezes. Windows often are small and grouped and there is little exterior decoration.
Second Empire (1855-1885) - Also called the Mansard style, the houses usually are tall and narrow with a high, mansard roof, long dormer windows, and elaborate moldings and brackets. Roofs often have cupolas and wrought-iron cresting. The arrangement of porches and interior rooms is asymmetrical.
Art Deco/Modern (1925-1945) - The Art Deco style with its geometric forms and motifs of the machine age often combine with the Art Modern and that style's smooth, curving walls. Art Deco architecture is essentially a style of ornamentation. Its details are highly stylized, largely angular, and geometrically sculpted in hard-edge low relief. An outgrowth of the Art Deco style, Art Modern's emphasis is on streamlined and gently curving surfaces. Geometric forms still predominate the ornamentation but without the hard-edge cubism of Art Deco. Curved window panels, glass bricks, and stylized neon lighting are common design elements. In many buildings Art Deco and Modern traits are combined, resulting in the term Art Deco being used to include both categories.
Mission Style (1890-1930) - The Mission style is characterized by large, unadorned arches, tile roofs, towers, and curvilinear parapets. Buildings have smooth wall surfaces that are usually made with stucco. The absence of sculptural ornamentation and the simplicity of form differentiate this style from the Mediterranean Revival which followed.
Serving Volusia, Lake, Putnam, Seminole and Orange Counties including DeLand, Orlando,
Maggi Hall, Founder, Former Broker, West Volusia Properties
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